When you’re talking about marijuana, most people are familiar with the term “THC”, which is the name for the most popular component of the Cannabis sativa plant – tetrahydrocannabinol.
When we look a little deeper, we find that THC is actually only one of over 85 “cannabinoids”, or chemicals found only in this plant.
While THC is the main source of the psychoactive effects of cannabis, those effects are greatly influenced by the amounts of other cannabinoids. The human brain has receptors in different areas that interact with the cannabinoids, and specific strains of cannabis affect people differently based on which of those areas are targeted by the cannabinoids that are prevalent in that strain.
Another cannabinoid that is important to the overall effects of individual cannabis strains is CBD (cannabidiols). Unlike THC, CBD is more about what are considered the “medicinal” uses of marijuana – pain relief, reduction of anxiety and seizures, and many more. It’s possible that the higher the CBD content, the less psychoactive effect the THC will have in a particular strain – making it less about “getting high”, and more focused on combatting a specific ailment.
Most dispensaries of medical marijuana do some kind of testing on their plants that they offer, and those results are a great way to catalog which strains work best for your goals. All of the forms of medicine we sell at Cannabend have some form of specific information on some of the cannabinoids that are present, and the percentages of each. For more info on the science of cannabinoids, a good start is the wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid
Weedmaps.com also has some great info on the specific effects of certain cannabinoids, and their dosage types and times, etc:
|ONSET:||0 – 10 MIN||60-90 MIN||5-60 MIN|
|PEAK:||30 MIN||2-3 HOURS||1-2 HRS|
|DURATION:||1-4 HOURS||6-8 HOURS||1-4 HRS|
THC – RELIEVES PAIN, REDUCES VOMITING AND NAUSEA, SUPPRESSES MUSCLE SPASMS, STIMULATES APPETITE
CBD – RELIEVES PAIN, KILLS OR SLOWS BACTERIA GROWTH, REDUCES BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS, REDUCES VOMITING AND NAUSEA, REDUCES SEIZURES AND CONVULSION, REDUCES INFLAMMATION, REDUCES RISK OF ARTERY BLOCKAGE, INHIBITS CELL GROWTH IN TUMORS / CANCER CELLS, TREATS PSORIASIS, TRANQUILIZING / USED TO MANAGE PSYCHOSIS, SUPPRESSES MUSCLE SPASMS, RELIEVES ANXIETY, PROMOTES BONE GROWTH, REDUCES FUNCTION IN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM, REDUCES CONTRACTIONS IN THE SMALL INTESTINES, PROTECTS NERVOUS SYSTEM DEGENERATION
CBG – KILLS OR SLOWS BACTERIA GROWTH, REDUCES INFLAMMATION, INHIBITS CELL GROWTH IN TUMORS / CANCER CELLS, PROMOTES BONE GROWTH
CBN – RELIEVES PAIN, AIDS SLEEP, SUPPRESSES MUSCLE SPASMS
CBC – RELIEVES PAIN, REDUCES INFLAMMATION, INHIBITS CELL GROWTH IN TUMORS / CANCER CELLS, PROMOTES BONE GROWTH
THCV – SUPPRESSES APPETITE / HELPS WITH WEIGHT LOSS, REDUCES SEIZURES AND CONVULSIONS, PROMOTES BONE GROWTH
CBGA – RELIEVES PAIN, REDUCES INFLAMMATION
CGCA – REDUCES INFLAMMATION
CBCA – KILLS OR SLOWS BACTERIA GROWTH, TREATS FUNGAL INFECTION,
THCA – REDUCES INFLAMMATION, INHIBITS CELL GROWTH IN TUMORS / CANCER CELLS, SUPPRESSES MUSCLE SPASMS
CBDA – REDUCES INFLAMMATION, INHIBITS CELL GROWTH IN TUMORS / CANCER CELLS
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